All you need to know about Autism

November 17th, 2020 | < 1 minute

Autism

Autism is  a neurodevelopmental disorders that can affect language skills, behaviour, social interactions and the ability to learn.

Symptoms

  • Avoids eye contact and/or physical contact
  • Has delayed speech
  • Gets upset if there is change in routine
  • Excessive body movements 
  • Has obsessive interests and experiences perseveration
  • Struggles with nonverbal cues
  • Has sensory processing issues

Research says the symptoms of autism may be linked to genetics.

Diagnosis

Parents or caregivers concerned that their child may have autism, should consult a paediatrician or a child behaviour disorder specialist. For autism,  they may look into a child’s behaviour and development, which started when they were very young.

The doctor may also explain the conditions which cause symptoms similar to those of autism such as:

  • Hearing problems
  • Difficulty in learning 
  • Sleep disorders
  • Social anxiety disorder

Treatment

Treatment varies from child to child depending on their symptoms and other related conditions. Some treatments for autism include:

  • Behavioural therapy
  • Medication
  • Educating the caregivers/parents

Autistic children benefit from therapy, depending on their requirement, such as:

  • Counselling
  • Occupational therapy
  • Sensory integration
  • Speech therapy

Training and educating the parents and caregivers can also help children manage their symptoms.

Several therapies and medications can help children make progress in the areas, which they find challenging.

MBBS, MD
Senior Consultant Paediatrician